A brief technical history of the Type VII U-Boat U After the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles, a number of restrictions were imposed upon Germany. One of these restrictions was that Germany would be allowed no submarines, a limitation placed largely as a result of the havoc German U-boats had wreaked during the war. An historical resource dedicated to Günther Prien and U U Build Details and Technical Specifications. The following information covers the basic technical specifications of the Type VIIB U-boat in general, and U in particular. Welcome to the uorg Photograph Album, a special feature for uorg members providing a highly detailed illustrated chronological history of this famous boat from its factory launch in through to setting off on its final patrol during the spring of , presented in a "photo album" click-through format.
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Related products. Te Amo, Argentina Antonio Lysy. Art of the Sonata vol. This presented a need for tanker ships to be strategicallyplaced along the invasion route, positioned prior to the start of the invasionas it was felt any ship movement after the invasion began would be interceptedby the British and sunk. The Tanker Echelon consisted of 8 ships as follows:. The next echelon of the invasion fleet was the Export Echelon which was to travelahead of the warships carrying vital equipment and supplies for the troops soonto be disembarked in Norway.
As with the ships of the Tanker Echelon, those ofthe Export Echelon were also disguised as merchant ships and attempted to put intoport prior to the actual invasion. The Export Echelon consisted of 7 ships asfollows:. The next facet of the invasion fleet consisted of 9 groups of U-boats and11 groups of warships.
The warships carried a portion of the ground forcesdestined for the Norwegian Coast, and they were also the surface protectionfor the entire invasion fleet.
This listing details the compostion of all the groups of theWarship Echelon, giving the name of the ship or sub, its abbreviation U47 (Oslo), its Feldpostnummer field post number, an accurate way of IDing aunit, ship or sub in documents and records, much like a zip code in the US ,and its destination.
S Friedrich Rieve. Gustav Kleikamp. Schleswig-Holstein —?? Claus von Bevern —?? Nautilus —?? Pelikan —?? Helmuth Leissner. Otto Braun —?? Arkona —?? Minensuchboot M?? Vorpostenboot V?? Monsun —??
Passat —?? Rugard —?? Friedrich Ruge. Minensuchboot 4 M4?? Minensuchboot 20 M20?? Minensuchboot 84 M84?? Minensuchboot 61?? Minensuchboot 89 M89?? The final component of the invasion were the Sea Transport Echelons Seetransportstaffeln U47 (Oslo), which consisted of 8 waves of transports carryingthe bulk of the invasion troops. The first 3 Sea Transport Echelons wereunique, while the remaining 5 consisted of returning ships of the initial 3waves.
The 1st Echelon consisted of 15 ships, while the 2nd consisted of 11ships and the 3rd The composition of the 1st and 2nd Sea Transport Echelons are knownfor sure, while the 3rd U47 (Oslo) currently unknown.
The remaining 5 Sea TransportEchelons consisted of ships of the first 3, but as of yet, their exact compositinis also unknown. All ships of the Sea Transport Echelons after the 1st saileddirectly to Oslo. After the initial invasion and follow-up waves, all troops, equipment andsupplies were sent to Norway via Denmark-Oslo. After theexperiances of the first 8 Seetransportstaffeln, a move was made tocomplete the transport of men and material to Norway using smallerand faster ships to relieve the pressure on the larger transports.
Around ships and smaller trawlers took part in this facet ofthe invasion, transporting up to 3, men a day at one point. Betweenthe begining of the invasion and June 15th,a total ofmenwere transported to Norway, along with 16, horses, 20, vehicles, and, tons of supplies. There were five major fortified areas under Norwegian naval jurisdiction as follows: Outer Oslo Fjord, Oskarsborg Narrows also in the Oslo Fjord but closer to the city of Oslo, Kristiansand, Bergen, and Agdenes near the entrance to the Trondheim Fjord — for more information, see below.
The Royal Norwegian Navy Konglisk Norges Marine also had a smallair arm with about 35 operational aircraft in Aprilmostly floatplanes. The most modern type in service with the Norwegian Navy was the German-builtHeinkel He, a two-engined floatplane with a top speed of just over mph,a bomb load of up to 2, lbs, and a defensive armament of two machineguns.
The Norwegian Navy also used lb and lb bombs bought in Germany beforethe war for all its plane types. Infanterie-Division General Tittel Infanterie-Division Gen.
Engelbrecht U47 (Oslo) Pellengahr 3. Gebrigs-Division Gen. Note: A full-strength German division in had about 15, men,with combat elements of three infantry regiments three battalionseachone artillery regiment three or four battalionsengineer,recconnaisance, and anti-tank battalions.
To take the city of Oslo, Gruppe 5 of the invasion fleet commanded by KA Oskar Kummetz was sent north to attempt to land a combat group of 2, men from the Infanterie-Division built around two infantry abteilungen. After daybreak, following air attacks to suppress any defenses, it was planned to also drop a Fallschrim-Kompanie to help secure Fornebu airfield just outside city, to be followed later by airlanding an additional 3, men of Gruppe 5 consisted of the following ships:.
Two of the five main Norwegian naval fortification were located on the approaches to Oslo, one in Oslo Fjord outerand the other in Oskarsborg Narrows closer to Oslo. At the Oslo Fjord outer location, on the west side of Rauoey Island, there were 4 xmm guns. At Bolaerne on the east side, 3 x mm guns were located. On Makeroy Island, north of Rauoey Island, 2 x mm howitzers were located.
In Oskarsborg Narrows closer up on the approach to Oslo, located on the west bank, there was a searchlightposition and 4 x 57mm guns covering a boom barrier blocking the channel west of South Kalholmen Island. On the east bank of the Narrows there were two searchlight positions and 2 x 57mm, 3 x mm, U47 (Oslo), and 2 x 40mm AA guns.
On South Kalholmen Island in mid-channel there was a searchlight position and 3 x mm guns. On North Kalholmen Island there were four land-based torpedo tubes. On Haoya Island slightly northwest of the Kalholmen Islands were four old mm howitzers installed and 2 x mm guns. The latter position was however not manned on April 9, First contact with the approaching German force towards Oslo was made by thepatrol boat POL III, a converted whaler armed with a single 75mm gun and twomgs, commanded by Lt.
Welding-Olsen of the naval reserve. According to someaccounts, he rolled himself overboard after a salvo blew off both his legs. The batteries at Rauoey openedfire on the Germans, but only for a short time and with no apparent effect. The Norwegianmm battery then U47 (Oslo) to plaster the ships bridge with shells, while themm guns switched their fire to the waterline.
BLUCHER was down to fiveknots and burning fiercely within a matter of minutes, without being able tomake an effective reply. As a result, the Germanship rapidly rolled over on its side and sunk, taking nearly 1, Germantroops with it, including some Gestapo officials and other administrativepersonnel intended for the military government of Norway the HQ of Infanterie-Division was also aboard, and was also mostly lost.
The Germans were forced to put their main groundforce ashore south of Oskarsborg, some 20 miles from Oslo city, and maketheir approach by land they arrived in the capital late that night. During the day on April 9 the Oskarsborg positions were hit with hundreds ofshells sources indicate nearly plus more from the LUTZOW without asingle gun being disabled.
The island forts only surrendered the next day,after Oslo fell. The land installations on the east side of the Fjord weretaken on the evening of the 9th, after an air attack. The batteries atRauoey in the outer fjord were taken by means of a landing in their rear onApril 10th, while those at Bolaerne only capitulated on the evening of the10th, after they had run out of ammunition and the Germans, following abombing attack, had made a landing nearby.
The Horten naval base finally surrendered inresponse to German threats to bomb the area, which also contained a fairlydensely-packed civilian population in the immediate vicinity. The final aspect of German operations against Oslo was the airborne assaulton Fornebu airfield, located on a small peninsula just west of the city.
The German attack was supposed to start around 8am with the dropping of acompany of paratroopers to secure the field. However, the drop was aborteddue to poor visibility, the paratroops then being landed at a field alreadyin German hands in Denmark. If true, they probablybenefitted considerably from the element of surprise!
During its ten wartime Patrols, the personnel of U changed continually. The aim of this section of the site if to be able to present the complete crew lists for all of its patrols. So far there are two such lists, those who took part in the raid on Scapa Flow and the names of those men who were not to survive U's final mission in March In the closing hour of Friday 13th, U's final approach to Scapa Flow began. By hours it had made its way to Rose Ness, at which it was forced to submerge on spotting a merchant vessel. The problem having passed, the U-Boat resurfaced twenty-four minutes later at hours. U was a German U-boat commanded by Günther Prien, one of the great U-boat aces of the Second World War. During one of its patrols, the ship and its crew disappeared after being attacked by British destroyers. After an explosion was seen underwater, it was assumed that the U-boat had been damaged and sunk by depth charges.
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When entering the map, if U is the sole unit of the submarine fleet: increases damage dealt to Battleships (Battlecruisers and Aviation Battleships are not counted) by 5% (20%), increases Search Level by 1 and increases Ammo by 2. U47 Clones - U47 mic Clone - Neumann U47 Clones - Microphone Reviews - Neumann U47 for sale and Telefunken U47 for sale VF14 Tube Wunder CM7, Wagner U47w, Pearlman TM 1, Peluso SE, Manley Reference, Lawson L47MP MKII, Telefunken U47AE, Bock Audio , Soundelux E47, HORCH RM2J, Telefunken RFT AK47, Telefunken U47 M, Korby KAT U47, Vertigo.
Oslo was thendeclared an “open city” to spare it from bombing. At pm on the 9th, theranking Army commander in the city surrendered the capital (and with itthose troops still within it, mainly the aforementioned Guard companies) tothe Germans, and airlanded .
Oslo was thendeclared an “open city” to spare it from bombing. At pm on the 9th, theranking Army commander in the city surrendered the capital (and with itthose troops still within it, mainly the aforementioned Guard companies) tothe Germans, and airlanded . U 3K likes. Video Game. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page.
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